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Showing posts from June, 2014
prince pratap sinha rajebhosle receiving the certificate of completing 
the "40th refresher course on museum conservation and preservation (organised by goverment of tamil nadu) from education minister K.C veeramani. next to minister, Dr.kartickeyan I.A.S, commIssioner of archaeology and J.R ashokan additional secretary egmore govt museum are seen
third king of thanjavur, maharajah serfoji 1, ruled tanjore from 1712-1728 A.D. after the death of shahaji ll in 1712 he having no issue of his own was succeeded by his brother serfoji 1 who was his representative at shahakottai fort a few miles west of kumbakonam. his other younger brother tukkoji was similarly a representative of shahaji at mahadeva pattinam fort near mannargudi. serfoji 1 ruled thanjavur with the help of his brother tukkoji. he followed his late brother shahaji ll's domestic policy and in foreign affairs he took part in the politics of ramnad sethupathi. in a war of succession between the sons of kilavan sethupathi of ramnad, serfoji 1 placed bhavani shanker on the throne and divided the sethupathy's territories into three parts, one taken by serfoji 1, the other to the ramnad sethupathi,while the third was made into a new zamindari of sivaganga. the expendition to ramnad was ably conducted by serfoji 1's general ananda raya peshwa who served shahaji ll…
second king of thanjavur and his contributions

second king of thanjavur, maharajah shahaji ll, son of venkoji maharajah, founder of maratha rule in thanjavur. maharajah shahaji ll ruled thanjavur from 1684-1712 A.D. He built the maratha darbar hall and named the darbar hall as "siva sowdah". when maharajah shahaji ll came to the throne he was barely 13 or 14 years old and he was precocious. his able ministers and his mother deepabai were his guides and mentors.shahaji ll continued the old order and retained his father's trained ministers and trusted servants to advice him. he was an scholar and was well versed in sanskrit, telugu, marathi, and tamil. he also wrote many dramas and composed many songs.he also composed songs on thanjavur brahadeshwara temple. his work in several languages are numerous. shahaji's own compositions in several languages and that of his court poets have enriched the literature of thanjavur and infact his period was an golden period of litera…
#4. chatrapathi shivaji's campaign in the south: 

it is a well known fact that the deccani muslim rulers were responsible for the extinction of vijayanagar hindu empire and shivaji's expedition called dikvijaya had in it an idea and longing to revive the hindavi swaraj (rule by hindus). he became sad when he was told that the two sons of the last vijayanagar emperor sri ranga 3 had became indigent and helpless. hence shivaji gave large grants to them,and the widow of sriranga 3. a recently discovered coin of shivaji which is on the model of vijayanagar emperor's coins clearly shows shivaji's ambition to found a "hindu empire" on the debris of vijayanagar empire.

some old historians said that shivaji came to the south to claim from his younger brother,venkoji a share of his father's jaghir's at bangalore and thanjavur. when shivaji was eleven years old, he was given the jaghir of poona by his father. young shivaji and his mother
jeeja matha under the gua…
tanjore brahadeshwara temple brief explaination:

the chola dynasty ruled from AD 900-1150. the zenith of the chola temple architecture can be seen at thanjavur. it was the capital established by the chola ruler Rajaraja 1. the shrines have rising pyramidal towers crowned with domical roofs. the walls are embellished by the sculptures and paintings. the bronze sculptures and stone temples of this period are one of the finest in the whole of the south india.

the big temple at thanjavur is within a huge compound with walls rising above 15m. the temple is made over a 29 m square base and has a soaring vimana and a stunted gopuram. the inner sanctum and the gopuram were constructed over a period of 12 years. it was constructed from a single piece of granite weighing around 80 tunes. the dome was hauled into place along a 4 km earth work ramp in a manner similar to the egyptian pyramids.

a huge statue of nandi measuring 6m length and 3.7 m in height faces the inner sancttum.the statue of nandi…
#3 VENKOJI (ekoji) the founder of maratha rule in thanjavur (1676-1683 A.D) :

venkoji maharajah conquered thanjavur from nayak ruler without losing a single soldier. the reason for such a victory was simply due to the apathy of the people of the state where they did not identify themselves with the goverment and were indifferent as to whoever
ruled and they did not raise their fingers against series of conquerors of various dynasties as they had become immune to foreign rule and could not see any difference between one rule and another namely chola, nayak,muslim, or maratha. small states were too small to stand singly,and eroded by mutual suspisions and jealousies and they could not bear the naked aggressions of the outsiders. shivaji's expendition was only a passing thunder in south india. the occupation of ginge and the southern territorties by the sons of the great shivaji, sambhaji and rajaram and his son in law harji mahadik in 17th and the beginning of 18th century are only pa…

 clinical photograph showing a case of leucoma
 clinical photograph showing a case of spring catarrh  clinical photograph showing a case of pterygium  clinical photograph showing ophthalmic purulentis  clinical photograph showing a case of proptosis clinical photograph showing a case of corneal ulcer (pre and post treatment)

To investigate and describe the ophthalmic contribution of Raja Serfoji II (1798-1832). A team of 2 ophthalmologists, director of laboratory services, one archeologist and a photographer visited Sarasvathi Mahal Library, March 2004. Photographs of ophthalmic records were taken and analysed

Ophthalmic records forty four patients were found. The age of the patients ranged from 5 to 60 years. Six records were written in Modi script, 38 in English and 18 drawings were found. Ophthalmic terminology used was lid, conjunctiva, cornea, lens, lens capsule, posterior chamber and so on. Various diagnosis was made ophthalmic purulent…
thanjavur big temple
-P.Perumal, B.Sc(Spl).,M.A., M.L.I.Sc.,
former  Conservator, T.M.S.S.M.Library, Thanjavur.

Thanjavur has been renowned as a great centre of Art, Culture and Literature for more than ten centuries. Successive generations of the Cholas, Nayaks and Maratha rulers have contributed and enriched the cultural greatness. Thanjavur is well known through out the world for its Brahadeswar Temple, magnificent Palace and the Sarasvati Mahal Library. The Sarasvati Mahal Library is one among the few medieval libraries that exists in the world. It is a treasure house of knowledge. It contains very rare and valuable collection of manuscripts, books, maps and paintings on all aspects of arts, culture and literature. The Encyclopaedia of Britannica in its survey of libraries of world mentions this as “ The most remarkable Library in India”.

History of Library
During the reign of Nayaks of Thanjavur(1535-1675), the Library was formed and devel…
H.H prince  Pratap sinha Serfoji  raje bhosle (rana)   6th descendent of maharajah serfoji ll 
potrait of tulaja maharaj 2 at Tharangambadi danish fort
its an article given in an magazine saying that vedanayagam sashtriyar who was a poet at maharajah serfoji rajahs court. maharajah serfoji 2 use to give many wealth's as a gift of appreation for the artists who perform in his court (darbar). once when maharajah serfoji 2 was distributing acres of lands to the artists as a gift, vedanayagam sashtriyar was beside him.. maharajah serfoji asked vedanayagam that.. everyone are taking many lands as a gift from me, then why don't you take anything..say what you want??
vedanayagam sashtriyar replied.. maharajah just give me one dictionary for my daughter and one violin for my son that is enough. while people getting free lands they will become lazy and will do less hardwork. i don't expect this from my side. for this reason he refused to take lands and wealthy gifts from maharajah.
according to bible, what we have as an income should be maintained like that without decreasing and should be well satisfied and what we don't have w…
H.H prince pratap sinha rajebhosle (middle) with Dr. R kannan I.A.S (right) chief guest for international museum day function which was celebrated at fort museum on 18th may 2014. Dr. R kannan is a additional chief secretary to goverment. tourism, culture, museums, and religious endowment departments goverment of tamilnadu. left, Mr. Narashiman retired archaeologist, fort museum.
prince Pratap sinha rajebhosle with K. Moortheeswari
Deputy Superintending Archaeologist 
chennai Fort Museum
Saraswathi Mahal Library is located in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu, India. It is one of the oldest libraries in Asia, and has on display a rare collection of Palm leaf manuscripts and paper written in Tamil, Hindi, English, Telugu, Marathi, and a few other languages indigenous to India. The collection comprises well over 60,000 volumes, though only a tiny fraction of these are on display.

The Saraswathi Mahal library started as a Royal Library for the private pleasure of the maratha King of Thanjavur. Most notable among the Maratha Kings was Serfoji II (1798–1832), who was an eminent scholar in many branches of learning and the arts. In his early age Serfoji studied under the influence of the Dutch Reverend Schwartz, and learned many languages including English, French, Italian and Latin. He enthusiastically took special interest in the enrichment of the Library, employing many Pandits to collect, buy and copy a vast number of works from all renowned Centres of Sanskrit learning in Northern …
potrait of MAharani SUJAN BAI (1737 A.D to 1738 A.D) was the wife of Ekoji (alies baba sahib) the fifth ruler of Tanjavur and the son of TUkkoji 1, a direct descendant of Venkoji.after the death of ekoji his brave and heroic queen,sujan bai sahib took over the control of the kingdom and placed herself on the throne of her husband and ruled over thanjavur territory as a sole and independent ruling queen since ekoji left no male heir to succeed him.

This was a time of great disturbance for Tanjavur when the Muslim rulers of the deccan had started training their eyes on the prosperous city. One Chanda Sahib was responsible for overpowering the ruling king and looting most of the treasures. He also succeeded in getting rid of Ekoji without any resistance.

At such a time, a woman had the courage to ascend the throne and take on the reins of administration into her hands.sujan bai, Ekoji's widow was the only woman ever to have ruled over Tanjavur. But she proved no challenge to the cunnin…
SHORT HISTORY OF MAHARAJAH PRATAP SINGH, one of the greatest king of thanjavur before maharajah Serfoji ll. 

portrait of MAHARAJAH PRATAP SINGH, ruled tanjore from 1740-1763 A.D . he was the second son of maharajah Tukkoji. after the death of his elder brother ekoji, his wife maharani sujan bai ruled tanjore, after the death of sujan bai,the queen of thanjavur, the people unanimously choose pratap singh the second son of tukkoji in preference to the pretender to succeed to the state.
pratap singh maharajah was brave, handsome and strong. he was not only a great soldier and a military strategist but also an accomplished scholar. his first act was to perpectuate his mother's memory.he built an agraharam and temple near pattukkottai and named it after his mother as umambapur attached to maharaja samudram village and endowed about 4000 acres of land for the benefit of the residents of the agraharam in the year 1740. in the grant he had given this grant in the year 1740 for the benefit o…
17th century cradle in serfoji rajah 2 museum
maharajah Serfoji's contributions in field of medicines :

rajah serfoji 2 had interest in art, culture, education, science and technology, and music and dance. Serfoji had a collection of bronze statues kept in an art gallery. His contribution toward medical field was extraordinary. Available Modi scripts indicate that Raja Serfoji II had physicians to treat and dispense Ayurvedic, Unani, and allopathic medicines.

In the place called Dhanvantari Mahal, medicines of Siddha, Ayurveda, and Unani were produced. Herbal gardens were maintained and also detailed case sheets were maintained in the dispensary. He also published many books on various diseases and methods to cure those problems. He has published books on surgical equipments, which is necessary for surgical procedures.

A book on various health problems compiled as "Sarabhendra Vaidhya System" and published by King Serfoji is one among the best. This book dealt with several diseases, such as Garbhini Bala Roga (Diseases…
An old, antique, valuable potrait of maharajah serfoji 2 found at sardar shitole mansion, pune.
rare potrait of maharajah serfoji ll with his wife maharani Saguna bai rani sahib.

serfoji maharajah wrote hundreds of songs in marathi and telugu all set in music and drama and rectals. he is the author of several dance pieces of alarippu, jatiswara, sabdam, varnams, and padas. he had composed numberless kavithuvam, slokavarnam,and prabhandas all adopted to bharathanatyam. sollukkattu, swarajatis, and sahityas with the respective notations in indian swaras are given for every item with meticulous care. perhaps his collection in bharathanatyam dance is by far the largest in the whole of india. no where in india is one single place can be seen such a huge collections in sampradaya natyam.such rare types of dances like jakkini, parani, dhurupandam, desi, navapadam, and kuravai were in voque and we have evidence of their being practised at his court. these type of dances have now become absolute.
bharathanatyam was then at its peak and several prodigious whose compositions are now considered the best that south india…
antique potrait of maharajah serfoji 2 at   museum
princess of tanjore: H.H shrimant muktambabai rani sahib chatrapati, grand daughter of maharajah serfoji 2, youngest daughter of rajah shivaji 2 (son of maharajah serfoji 2).

H.H. Srimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Chiranjiva Vijaya MOHANA MUKTAMBABAI Ammani Raje Sahib Chatrapati, Princess of Tanjore (Sadar Mahal, Tanjore Fort,) youngest daughter of H.H. Choladesadhipati Srimant Rajasri Maharaja Kshatrapati Sri Shivaji II Raje Sahib Bhonsle Chhatrapati Maharaj, Raja of Tanjore, by his first wife, H.H. Srimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Rani Saidambabai Chhatrapati Maharaj Sahib, educated privately. Recognised as titular successor to her father. Granted a personal salute of 13-guns,. Rcvd: Prince of Wales's (1876) and KIH (1877) gold medals. m. at Tanjore Fort.
A painting of maharajah serfoji 2 at Vyasarpadi vinayaga mudaliar charities, Mylapore Chennai.
thanjavur palace
H.H prince serfoji rajah T.bhosle, elder son of prince shrimant raja sree Tulajendra rajah bhosle
amazing darbar hall
chairs used by maharajah's in 17th and 18th century displayed at serfoji rajah 2 museum,sadar mahal palace, frame photo of H.H prince srimanth raja sree,pratap simha rajah saheb chatrapathy and his elder son H.H srimanth raja sree,Tulajendra rajah saheb chatrapathy is seen.